The Coin Collection of Lahore Museum, comprising of 40,000 pieces, is one of the largest collection of coins in the Subcontinent. It includes the earliest examples of punch-marked coins issued in the seventh/sixth century BC during the time of the Achaemenian Empire.

This collection represents almost all the ruling families of the region like Graeco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek, Mauryan, Indo-Parthian, Kushan, Indo-Scythian, Huns, Hindu Shahia, Arabs, Ghaznavids, the Sultans, the Mughals, the Durranis, the Sikhs, the British and the modern coins of Pakistan. This collection attracts the attention of scholars from all over the world for its rarity and richness.

Besides, some examples of coins belonging to the Umayyads, Abbasids and of various other Muslim rulers of Central Asia, Africa and different states of the Subcontinent are also a part of this collection.

The collection  includes the first coins issued by Mahmood of Ghazna at Lahore bearing the legend of Mahmoodpur, the new name given by Mahmood to Lahore, and the beautiful Zodiac coins issued by the Emperor Jahangir. As a whole, the coin collection of the Museum is an invaluable treasure for the  study of the political, economic, social and cultural history of the Subcontinent in chronological order as well as for the study of the development of coin-making  technology.